Let’s get informed about coffee, coffee types and flavors. Cappuccino : Possibly the most popular type of coffee in the world, a cappuccino consists of three layers (kind of like a cake). The first is a shot of espresso, then a shot of steamed milk, and finally the barista adds a layer of frothed, foamy milk. This final layer can also be topped with chocolate shavings or powder. Traditionally, Italians would consume this type of coffee at breakfast. Espresso : To make an espresso, shoot boiling water under high pressure through finely ground up coffee beans and then pour into a tiny mug. Sounds simple right? Well, it’s surprisingly difficult to master. Espressos are the purest coffee experience you can get, and while they’re not for everyone, it can be a truly singular drinking experience when you find a good brew.
Two less common types are Liberica and Excelsa, which are rarely seen, especially in the United States. The former is grown exclusively in the Phillipines and is not imported at all into the States. On the other hand, the latter (which is often considered a genus of Liberica beans) only makes up about 7% of the world’s consumption and are grown in Southeast Asia.
Gesha/Geisha: This is an original variety of Arabica. It is named for the Ethiopian village that it originated from and wasn’t actually planted/harvested commercialy until the 1950s. It is resistant to coffee rust and is now primarily grown in Panama.The trees are rather tall with notably long leaves that mimic the shape of the beans. Obviously, these aren’t nearly all of the coffee varieties that are out there, but we figured it might help to get an idea of how they are all interconnected. For further reading, Medium has a helpful “periodic table” to help demonstrate the connections. And the World Coffee Research catalog is a great research if you want to more specifically explore individual Arabica varieties. Now let’s more on to the simultaneously less and more complex world of coffee drinks, shall we? Cold Brew Coffee – A method of brewing that doesn’t use hot water. Instead, cold water and a longer period of time is used to create the finished cold coffee beverage. Filtered or Drip Coffee – A method of brewing where coffee is placed into a paper filter and hot water is poured onto it allowing it to drip into the carafe below.
Cafe Cubano – Originated in Cuba, this drink is also known as Cuban Espresso. This is actually an espresso shot sweetened with by demerara sugar whipped with first and last drops of espresso. Cafe con Hielo – Coffee in Espresso are some different and this drink is one among those. If you will order this coffee in Spain, you will be served a cup of espresso with another cup of ice cubes and sugar. To start with, add sugar to espresso as per preference, and stir to dissolve. After that, pour the coffee over ice and here is your Cafe con Hielo. Moka – A coffee brewed in a Moka pot is often known as Moka cup. Though it’s called an espresso, but in true words, it’s not. The pressure in the pot is very less as compared to that of an espresso machine. Read more info at Coffee Subscription.