Patients should wait a minimum of 48 hours before washing their hair unless otherwise advised by their physician. After that, they can slowly start washing their hair with shampoo and warm water, using lukewarm water to rinse. This method should be followed during the first 14 days after the procedure to prevent excessive scabbing. After that, with the advisory of their physician, the patient should be able to resume normal hair washing habits but with caution. Grooming after hair transplantation should be done very cautiously and carefully.
What is a hair transplant?
A hair transplant is a procedure in which a plastic or dermatological surgeon moves hair to a bald area of the head. The surgeon usually moves hair from the back or side of the head to the front or top of the head.
Hair transplants typically occur in a medical office under local anesthesia.
Pattern baldness is responsible for the majority of hair loss. This comes down to genetics. The remaining cases are due to a variety of factors, including:
Are there different types of hair transplants?
There are two types of transplant procedures: slit grafts and micrografts.
Slit grafts contain 4 to 10 hairs per graft. Micrografts contain 1 to 2 hairs per graft, depending on the amount of coverage needed.
Who might benefit from a hair transplant?
Receiving a hair transplant can improve your appearance and self-confidence. Good candidates for a hair transplant include:
men with male pattern baldness
women with thinning hair
anyone who has lost some hair from a burn or scalp injury
Hair replacement isn’t a good option for:
women with a widespread pattern of hair loss throughout the scalp
people who don’t have enough “donor” hair sites from which to remove hair for transplant
people who form keloid scars (thick, fibrous scars) after injury or surgery
people whose hair loss is due to medication such as chemotherapy
What happens during a hair transplant?
After thoroughly cleaning your scalp, a surgeon uses a small needle to numb an area of your head with local anesthesia.
Two main techniques are used to obtain follicles for transplantation: FUT and FUE.
In follicular unit transplantation (FUT):
The surgeon will use a scalpel to cut out a strip of scalp skin from the back of the head. The incision is typically several inches long.
This is then closed with stitches.
The surgeon next separates the removed portion of scalp into small sections using a magnifying lens and sharp surgical knife. When implanted, these sections will help achieve natural-looking hair growth.
In follicular unit extraction (FUE) the hair follicles are cut out directly from the back of the head through hundreds to thousands of tiny punch incisions.
The surgeon makes tiny holes with a blade or needle in the area of your scalp that’s receiving the hair transplant. They gently place hairs in these holes.
During one treatment session, a surgeon may transplant hundreds or even thousands of hairs.
After, the graft, gauze, or bandages will cover your scalp for a few days.
A hair transplant session can take four hours or more. Your stitches will be removed about 10 days after surgery.
Why hair transplant? Trichotillomania, This is a psychological condition where a person pulls out his/her hair. If excessive hair is lost resulting in bald spots, then you may opt for hair transplant surgery.
Hair transplantation is not a painful procedure, because the area under operation is under local anesthesia, which blocks the nerves responsible that cause sensation in the scalp area.
You should be aware about what techniques are being used for hair transplantation. However, new techniques for hair transplant Follicular unit extraction(FUE) and Bio fue are used, because serious and critical situation can be easily handled with these techniques. also these techniques are scar free and pain less.
Swelling can affect the eye area, so application of cold compressions would help in reducing the swelling by decreasing the blood flow in that region by constricting the tiny blood vessels present in near the eyes. But you should be careful not to apply too much cold also as it may affect the growth of new hair follicles. Avoid any vigorous physical activity as it can increase the swelling and the healing process. It can also cause bursting of the swellings resulting in blood clots and infections.
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